Mongolian Ger (Yurt with portable felt dwelling) with clear blue skies above and a vast expanse of land in Gobi desert. One can drive long distances without coming across any people or mammals. Occasionally one comes across a ger and a few family members. Rural Central Mongolia.
Mongolian Ger (Yurt) in Gobi desert. Central Mongolia.
Traditional gers consist of a circular wooden frame carrying a felt cover. The felt is made from the wool of the flocks of sheep that accompany the pastoralists. The timber to make the external structure is not to be found on the treeless steppes, and must be traded.
The frame consists of one or more lattice wall-sections, a door-frame, roof poles and a crown. Some styles have one or more columns to support the crown. The (self-supporting) wood frame is covered with pieces of felt. Depending on availability, the felt is additionally covered with canvas and/or sun-covers. The frame is held together with one or more ropes or ribbons. The structure is kept under compression by the weight of the covers, sometimes supplemented by a heavy weight hung from the center of the roof. They vary regionally, with straight or bent roof-poles, different sizes, and relative weight.
It is designed to be dismantled and the parts carried on camels or yaks to be rebuilt on another site.
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