Hong Kong & Macau
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港; literally: "Fragrant Harbour or Incense Harbour") is officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, an autonomous territory on the southern coast of China at the Pearl River Estuary of the South China Sea. After the First Opium War (1839–42), Hong Kong became a British colony with the perpetual cession of Hong Kong Island.
Hong Kong is known for its skyline and deep natural harbour. The territory has the second largest number of high-rises than any other urban agglomeration in the world. It has a highly developed public transportation network covering 90% of the population, the widest in the world. the culture's mix of the territory's Chinese roots with influences from its time as a British colony.
Macau (/məˈkaʊ/; 澳門; 澳门), also spelled Macao, officially known as the Macau Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is a Special Administrative Region on the western side of the Pearl River Delta, China. Macau is also bordered by the city of Zhuhai of Guangdong Province, Mainland China to the North and the Pearl River Estuary to the East and South. Hong Kong lies about 64 kilometers to its East across the Delta. Macau was administered by the Portuguese Empire and its inheritor states from the mid-16th century until late 1999, when it was the last remaining European colony in Asia. Macau is among world's richest regions, and as of 2013 its GDP per capita by purchasing power parity is higher than that of any country in the world, according to the World Bank. It became the world's largest gambling centre in 2006, with the economy heavily dependent on gambling and tourism, as well as manufacturing. According to The World Factbook, Macau has the fourth highest life expectancy in the world. Moreover, it is one of only a few regions in Asia with a "very high Human Development Index", ranking 18th as of 2014.